The Herbarium Hamburgense integrated 1,668 records and 722 images of botanical samples collected in Brazil with Brazil’s Virtual Herbarium of Plants and Fungi. The collection includes 1,125 types and 866 records collected by Ernst Heinrich Georg Ule between 1883 and 1907.
|The Herbarium Hamburgense is located in the Biocentre Klein Flottbek close to the Hamburg Botanical Garden.|
Herbarium Hamburgense (HBG) is one of the largest herbaria in Germany, with over 1.8 million specimens. It is rich in type specimens especially from tropical areas, e.g. Brazil (E. ULE), Borneo (H. WINKLER, M.S. CLEMENS), India (D. BRANDIS), Australia (A. DIETRICH, L. PREISS) and from former German colonies in Africa and the Pacific Area. The herbarium was founded in 1883, incorporating many important collections held at Hamburg at the time.
|Ule’s catalogue of Brazilian samples is partially available online. The digitisation of the Ule type specimens kept at HBG will be finished soon.|
Afterwards, a large number of collections from all over the world was acquired by HBG, particularly during German’s colonialism heyday. In 1919 the herbarium was incorporated to the newly founded Hamburg University. Surprisingly, HBG went through the Second World War without damages, and during the war a substantial amount of the herbarium specimens was evacuated, first transferred to Central Germany in 1943, then to Leningrad (now St. Petersburg) in 1945, and finally to East Berlin in the 1950s. These specimens remained untouched by researchers for more than forty years, but since they were returned to HBG, in 1990, they are fully available again.
|Proportion of Brazilian type specimens categories deposited at HBG.|
HBG now shares 1,668 specimen records and 722 images of samples collected in Brazil with the Brazil’s Virtual Herbarium of Plants and Fungi. There are 866 records available of samples collected by Ernst Heinrich Georg Ule between 1883 and 1907, from which more than 600 are types.
|Herbarium Hamburgense internal infrastructure to organize the specimens (Photo: JSTOR Flickr).|
The Herbarium Hamburgense is located at the Biocentre Klein Flottbek nearby the Hamburg Botanical Garden. Its research and teaching activities are associated with the Department of Biodiversity, Evolution and Ecology of Plants at the Biocentre. We are grateful to Prof. Dr. Norbert Jürgens and his team for the receptiveness and determination in participating of the integration of HBG to the Brazil’s Virtual Herbarium.